REPORT ON TOWNSHIP 49, RANGE 4, WEST OF THE FOURTH MERIDIAN
ACCESSIBILITY AND ROADS
This township is easily reached from the village of Islay which is about eight miles north. From Islay a main market road runs south through the township two miles east of the west boundary. A well-travelled road from Kitscoty, which is four miles east and four miles north, enters the township near its northeast comer. There are many fair roads within the township and most of the land is easily accessible.
The village of Islay is situated in the southerly part of township 51, range 4, on the line of the Canadian National Railways between Winnipeg and Edmonton via Saskatoon and North Battleford. It is an important trading centre for a large district to the north and south and nearly all lines of business essential to the needs of a large farming community are represented here. The shipping facilities are good and include four elevators with a total capacity of 175,000 bushels. There is a daily passenger and mail train service both east and west.
The surface of sections 1, 2, 11, 12 and the northerly two-thirds of the west half of the township except section 33 is mostly rough being generally heavily rolling and in places inclined to be hilly. The remainder of the township has a surface about evenly divided between rolling, gently rolling, and slightly sloping. Sections 33 and 34 are somewhat level flats and are the lowest lands in the township, with an elevation of slightly over 2,000 feet above sea-level. The highest lands in the west half of the township have an elevation of approximately 2,300 feet; the highest summit in the entire township is in the east half in sections 2 and 12 where an elevation of 2,400 feet above sea-level is reached.
Approximately one-sixth of the township is under cultivation. The tract of country referred to above as being heavily rolling has numerous bluffs of young poplar and willow. Otherwise all of the uncultivated lands are open prairie.
DRAINAGE AND WATER
There is no important drainage course for the surplus water and as a
consequence it collects in the low areas forming small lakes and sloughs. There are few of the former but the latter are rather numerous. The water of the lakes is somewhat alkaline, but good water for domestic purposes
HAY AND WINTER FEED
There are no extensive natural wild hay lands, but a limited amount of hay is ciit from the lower lands and upland prairie. The chief winter feed, however, is oat green- feed and straw.
Poplar wood is used mostly for fuel and is obtained from the bluffs mentioned above. Coal is used in winter by some of the farmers. It costs from $6 to $8 per ton at Kitscoty
On sections 14, 15, 23, 26, 27, 33, 34, and 35 the soil is mostly clay loam and clay with scattered areas of black fine sandy loam. On the remainder of the township the soil is chiefly black fine sandy loam from 4 to 8 inches deep over a clay subsoil. In this area there are many small areas of clay loam and clay and numerous stony ridges.
The settlement of this township was begun in 1906, the year after the railway was built through the township to the north. At present one-half of the land is occupied, most of which is being used for private pasture. The settlers are all English-speaking and they are mostly of Canadian or American origin.
POST OFFICES AND SCHOOLS
Most of the settlers get their mail at Islay or Kitscoty. Hindville post office, in section 1 of the township to the west, is convenient for those living in the southwesterly part of the township. The schools each have but one teacher and they are located as follows: in the southwest corner of section 6, on the west side of section 11, and on the west side of section 32. In the township to the north, there is a school at the northeast comer of section 1.
R. H. KNIGHT,
Dominion Land Surveyor